Corrosion and wear at the modular interface of uncemented femoral stems

S. D. Cook, R. L. Barrack, A. J.T. Clemow

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

111 Scopus citations

Abstract

We examined 108 uncemented femoral stems with modular femoral heads which had been retrieved for reasons other than loosening. There were detectable amounts of wear and corrosion in 10 of 29 (34.5%) mixed-alloy components and 7 of 79 (9%) single-alloy components after a mean implantation time of 25 months. We found no correlation between the presence or extent of corrosion or surface damage and any of time in situ, initial diagnosis, reason for removal, age, or weight. Stems with wear and corrosion were less likely to show histological bony ingrowth. The interface between the head and stem of modular total hip components is a possible source of ion release and wear debris, but wear and corrosion were totally absent in most specimens. This suggests that this problem could be avoided, and that further research is required to develop manufacturing methods which would minimise such changes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)68-72
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Bone and Joint Surgery - Series B
Volume76
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 1994

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