Correlation of plasma concentrations of cystatin C and creatinine to inulin clearance in a pediatric population

Douglas Stickle, Barbara Cole, Karl Hock, Keith A. Hruska, Mitchell G. Scott

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

93 Scopus citations

Abstract

Measurement of blood concentrations of cystatin C (cysC), a cysteine protease inhibitor present in human plasma, has been suggested for use as an indicator of glomerular filtration rate (GFR) in a manner analogous to the use of plasma creatinine (SCR). In this study, cysC and SCR were measured in plasma from pediatric patients (4-19 years) with renal disease for whom a 'gold standard' measurement of GFR via inulin clearance (C(IN)) was available. The data analyses were divided into two age groups: group A (4-12 years, n = 26) and group B (12-19 years, n = 34). For both age groups, the linear correlation coefficient of [cysC]-1 vs C(IN) (mL/min/1.73 m3) (r = 0.765 for group A and r = 0.869 for group B) was less than that of the linear correlation coefficient of [SCR]-1 vs C(IN) (r = 0.841 for group A and r = 0.892 for group B). As a single measurement for detection of abnormal CFR, however, the optimum receiver-operator characteristic point for cysC measurement (for group A at cysC >1.2 mg/L, sensitivity = 80%, specificity = 91%; and for group B at cysC >1.4 mg/L, sensitivity = 87%, specificity = 100%) was numerically superior to that for SCR measurement (for group A at SCR >8.0 mg/L, sensitivity = 67%, specificity = 100%; and for group B at SCR >9.0 mg/L, sensitivity = 91%, specificity = 91%), using a reference value for normal GFR of C(IN) > .90 mL/min/1.73 m2. However, these differences were not statistically significant. CysC measurement appears to be broadly equivalent to SCR measurement for estimation of GFR in pediatric patients.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1334-1338
Number of pages5
JournalClinical chemistry
Volume44
Issue number6
StatePublished - Jun 30 1998

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