Copper-64-diacetyl-bis(N4-methylthiosemicarbazone): An agent for radiotherapy

Jason S. Lewis, Richard Laforest, Thomas L. Buettner, Sheng Kwei Song, Yasuhisa Fujibayashi, Judith M. Connett, Michael J. Welch

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169 Scopus citations


Systemic administration of hypoxia-selective 64Cu-diacetyl-bis(N4methylthiosemicarbazone) (64Cu-ATSM) has increased significantly the survival time of hamsters bearing human GW39 colon cancer tumors. Radiotherapy experiments were performed in animals bearing either 7-day-old (0.5-1.0 g) or 15-day-old (1.5-2.0 g) tumors. Studies compared animals treated with a single dose of 0, 4, 6, 7, 8, or 10 mCi of 64Cu-ATSM (1 Ci = 37 GBq) with or without the vasodilator hydralazine. A multiple dose regimen of 3 × 4 mCi at 72-h intervals was studied also. Single doses of >6 mCi of 64Cu-ATSM and the dose-fractionation protocol significantly increased the survival time of the hamsters compared with controls. The highest dose, 10 mCi of 64Cu-ATSM, increased survival to 135 days in 50% of animals bearing 7-day-old tumors, 6-fold longer than control animals' survival (20 days), with only transient leucopenia and thrombocytopenia but no overt toxicity. Human absorbed doses were calculated from hamster biodistribution; the dose-critical organs were the lower large intestine (1.43 ± 0.19 rad/mCi) and upper large intestine (1.20 ± 0.38 rad/mCi). High-resolution MRI and positron-emission tomography using a therapeutic administration of 10 mCi were used to monitor tumor volume and morphology and to assess tumor dosimetry accurately, giving a tumor dose of 81 ± 7.5 rad/mCi. 64Cu-ATSM has increased the survival time of tumor-bearing animals significantly with no acute toxicity and thus is a promising agent for radiotherapy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1206-1211
Number of pages6
JournalProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jan 30 2001

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