Coordinate regulation of two estrogen-dependent genes in avian liver.

R. Wiskocil, P. Bensky, W. Dower, R. F. Goldberger, J. I. Gordon, R. G. Deeley

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128 Scopus citations


Livers of egg-laying species contain abundant mRNAs encoded by both estrogen-responsive and constitutively expressed genes. We have recently constructed cDNA clones from three members of the abundant mRNA class of hen liver. One of these mRNA species was identified as serum albumin mRNA, and another as vitellogenin mRNA. In this study we have identified the third member of the group as apo VLDLII mRNA. Hybridization analyses using cloned cDNA probes indicate that expression of the apo VLDLII gene in rooster liver, like that of the vitellogenin gene, is completely dependent upon the administration of estrogen. The apo VLDLII and vitellogenin genes appear to be the only genes capable of high rates of expression in the liver that exhibit such an exceptional response to the hormone. Administration of estrogen resulted in the appearance of both mRNA species within 30 min, followed by a rapid accumulation to several thousand copies per cell. Removal of the hormone caused a marked destabilization of both vitellogenin mRNA and apo VLDLII mRNA. In contrast, the absolute levels of serum albumin mRNA were unaffected by the hormone. Comparative studies on the structure and organization of these three genes may reveal elements involved in determining their rates of expression in the presence and absence of estrogen.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4474-4478
Number of pages5
JournalProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Issue number8
StatePublished - Aug 1980


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