Cooperative effects of potassium, magnesium, and magnesium-ADP on the release of Escherichia coli dihydrofolate reductase from the chaperonin GroEL

A. Clay Clark, Brad S. Karon, Carl Frieden

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

Previous investigation has shown that at 22 °C and in the presence of the chaperonin GroEL, the slowest step in the refolding of Escherichia coli dihydrofolate reductase (EcDHFR) reflects release of a late folding intermediate from the cavity of GroEL (Clark AC, Frieden C, 1997, J Mol Biol 268:512-525). In this paper, we investigate the effects of potassium, magnesium, and MgADP on the release of the EcDHFR late folding intermediate from GroEL. The data demonstrate that GroEL consists of at least two conformational states, with apparent rate constants for EcDHFR release that differ by four- to fivefold. In the absence of potassium, magnesium, and ADP, ~80-90% of GroEL resides in the form with the faster rate of release. Magnesium and potassium both shift the distribution of GroEL forms toward the form with the slower release rate, though cooperativity for the magnesium- induced transition is observed only in the presence of potassium. MgADP at low concentrations (0-50 μM) shifts the distribution of GroEL forms toward the form with the faster release rate, and this effect is also potassium dependent. Nearly identical results were obtained with a GroEL mutant that forms only a single ring, demonstrating that these effects occur within a single toroid of GroEL. In the presence of saturating magnesium, potassium, and MgADP, the apparent rate constant for the release of EcDHFR from wild- type GroEL at 22 °C reaches a limiting value of 0.014 s-1. For the single ring mutant of GroEL, the rate of EcDHFR release under the same conditions reaches a limiting value of 0.024 s-1, suggesting that inter-ring negative cooperativity exists for MgADP-induced substrate release. The data suggest that MgADP preferentially binds to one conformation of GroEL, that with the faster apparent rate constant for EcDHFR release, and induces a conformational change leading to more rapid release of substrate protein.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2166-2176
Number of pages11
JournalProtein Science
Volume8
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1999

Keywords

  • Conformational changes
  • Ligand binding
  • Protein folding

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