Protein kinase C (PKC), an enzyme involved in signal transduction, is the receptor for both the tumor-promoting phorbol esters and the anti-neoplastic bryostatins. In many cells, phorbol esters and bryostatins cause similar effects; we have found that both agents increase actin polymerization in neutrophils. In some cells, however, the two agents result in different cell processes; we have found consistently different effects of these agents on actin conformation in myeloblasts obtained from leukemic patients. The patients tested all had increases in F-actin in response to 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA) and most had decreases in F-actin in response to bryostatin. The data suggests that leukemic myeloblasts have a different cytoskeletal response to a tumor promoter and an antineoplastic agent despite their common receptor.
- phorbol ester
- protein kinase C