Contralateral Limb Specificity for Movement Preparation in the Parietal Reach Region

Eric Mooshagian, Eric A. Yttri, Arthur D. Loewy, Lawrence H. Snyder

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

The canonical view of motor control is that distal musculature is controlled primarily by the contralateral cerebral hemisphere; unilateral brain lesions typically affect contralateral but not ipsilateral musculature. Contralateral-only limb deficits following a unilateral lesion suggest but do not prove that control is strictly contralateral: the loss of a contribution of the lesioned hemisphere to the control of the ipsilesional limb could be masked by the intact contralateral drive from the nonlesioned hemisphere. To distinguish between these possibilities, we serially inactivated the parietal reach region, comprising the posterior portion of medial intraparietal area, the anterior portion of V6a, and portions of the lateral occipital parietal area, in each hemisphere of 2 monkeys (23 experimental sessions, 46 injections total) to evaluate parietal reach region's contribution to the contralateral reaching deficits observed following lateralized brain lesions. Following unilateral inactivation, reach reaction times with the contralesional limb were slowed compared with matched blocks of control behavioral data; there was no effect of unilateral inactivation on the reaction time of either ipsilesional limb reaches or saccadic eye movements. Following bilateral inactivation, reaching was slowed in both limbs, with an effect size in each no different from that produced by unilateral inactivation. These findings indicate contralateral organization of reach preparation in posterior parietal cortex.SIGNIFICANCE STATEMENT Unilateral brain lesions typically affect contralateral but not ipsilateral musculature. Contralateral-only limb deficits following a unilateral lesion suggest but do not prove that control is strictly contralateral: the loss of a contribution of the lesioned hemisphere to the control of the ipsilesional limb could be masked by the intact contralateral drive from the nonlesioned hemisphere. Unilateral lesions cannot distinguish between contralateral and bilateral control, but bilateral lesions can. Here we show similar movement initiation deficits after combined unilateral and bilateral inactivation of the parietal reach region, indicating contralateral organization of reach preparation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1692-1701
Number of pages10
JournalThe Journal of neuroscience : the official journal of the Society for Neuroscience
Volume42
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2 2022

Keywords

  • intraparietal sulcus
  • muscimol
  • posterior parietal cortex
  • reach
  • visuomotor

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