Continuous Electroencephalography Monitoring in Critically Ill Infants and Children

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Abstract

Continuous video electroencephalography (CEEG) monitoring of critically ill infants and children has expanded rapidly in recent years. Indications for CEEG include evaluation of patients with altered mental status, characterization of paroxysmal events, and detection of electrographic seizures, including monitoring of patients with limited neurological examination or conditions that put them at high risk for electrographic seizures (e.g., cardiac arrest or extracorporeal membrane oxygenation cannulation). Depending on the inclusion criteria and clinical characteristics of the population studied, the percentage of pediatric patients with electrographic seizures varies from 7% to 46% and with electrographic status epilepticus from 1% to 23%. There is also evidence that epileptiform and background CEEG patterns may provide important information about prognosis in certain clinical populations. Quantitative EEG techniques are emerging as a tool to enhance the value of CEEG to provide real-time bedside data for management and prognosis. Continued research is needed to understand the clinical value of seizure detection and identification of other CEEG patterns on the outcomes of critically ill infants and children.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)40-46
Number of pages7
JournalPediatric Neurology
Volume108
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2020

Keywords

  • Critical care
  • Electroencephalographic monitoring
  • Electroencephalography
  • Intensive care unit
  • Quantitative electroencephalography
  • Seizure
  • Status epilepticus

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