Contemporary Surgical Indications and Referral Trends in Revision Total Hip Arthroplasty: A 10-Year Review

Jacob A. Haynes, Jeffrey B. Stambough, Adam A. Sassoon, Staci R. Johnson, John C. Clohisy, Ryan M. Nunley

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

21 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Revision total hip arthroplasty (THA) represents nearly 15% of all hip arthroplasty procedures in the United States and is projected to increase. The purpose of our study was to summarize the contemporary indications for revision THA surgery at a tertiary referral medical center. We also sought to identify the indications for early and late revision surgery and define the prevalence of outside institution referral for revision THA. Methods: Using our institution's arthroplasty registry, we identified a retrospective cohort of 870 consecutive patients who underwent revision THA at our hospital from 2004 to 2014. Records were reviewed to collect data on patient's primary and revision THA procedures, and the interval between primary THA and revision surgery was determined. Results: Aseptic loosening (31.3%), osteolysis (21.8%), and instability (21.4%) were the overall most common indications for revision THA and the most common indications for revision surgery within 5 years of primary THA. Aseptic loosening and osteolysis were the most common indications for revision greater than 5 years from primary THA. Only 16.4% of revised hips had their index arthroplasty performed at our hospital, whereas 83.6% were referred to our institution. Conclusions: Aseptic loosening, osteolysis, and instability remain the most common contemporary indications for revision THA in an era of alternative bearings and modular components. Most of our revisions were referred from outside institutions, which highlights the transfer of a large portion of the revision THA burden to tertiary referral centers, a pattern that could be exacerbated under future bundled payment models.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)622-625
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Arthroplasty
Volume31
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2016

Keywords

  • Aseptic loosening
  • Metallosis
  • Osteolysis
  • Revision hip arthroplasty
  • Revision indications

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