Contemporary management of carotid blowout syndrome utilizing endovascular techniques

Nauman F. Manzoor, Rod P. Rezaee, Abhishek Ray, Cameron C. Wick, Kristine Blackham, David Stepnick, Pierre Lavertu, Chad A. Zender

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Scopus citations


Objectives/Hypothesis: To illustrate complex interdisciplinary decision making and the utility of modern endovascular techniques in the management of patients with carotid blowout syndrome (CBS). Study Designs: Retrospective chart review. Methods: Patients treated with endovascular strategies and/or surgical modalities were included. Control of hemorrhage, neurological, and survival outcomes were studied. Results: Between 2004 and 2014, 33 patients had 38 hemorrhagic events related to head and neck cancer that were managed with endovascular means. Of these, 23 were localized to the external carotid artery (ECA) branches and five localized to the ECA main trunk; nine were related to the common carotid artery (CCA) or internal carotid artery (ICA), and one event was related to the innominate artery. Seven events related to the CCA/ICA or innominate artery were managed with endovascular sacrifice, whereas three cases were managed with a flow-preserving approach (covered stent). Only one patient developed permanent hemiparesis. In two of the three cases where the flow-preserving approach was used, the covered stent eventually became exposed via the overlying soft tissue defect, and definitive management using carotid revascularization or resection was employed to prevent further hemorrhage. In cases of soft tissue necrosis, vascularized tissues were used to cover the great vessels as applicable. Conclusions: The use of modern endovascular approaches for management of acute CBS yields optimal results and should be employed in a coordinated manner by the head and neck surgeon and the neurointerventionalist. Level of Evidence: 4. Laryngoscope, 2016 127:383–390, 2017.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)383-390
Number of pages8
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 1 2017


  • Carotid blowout syndrome
  • and covered stents
  • carotid reconstruction
  • embolization
  • endovascular


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