We introduce a new method for determining pharmacophore or active site geometries by analysis of the structures of a series of active compounds. The method, constrained search, and the key concepts on which it is based, is described and illustrated by its application to 28 potent inhibitors of angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE). The data set is one utilized by Mayer et al. [J. Comput.-Aided Mol. Design, 1 (1987) 3-16] to determine a unique geometry for the active site. Our experiment validated the previously reported results, obtained by a systematic search, while reducing the computer time requirement by more than two orders of magnitude. The experiment also identified a previously unrecognized alternative active site geometry for the ACE series.
- Active analog approach
- Active site geometry
- Angiotensin converting enzyme
- Systematic search