Consensus for the Indication of a Medializing Displacement Calcaneal Osteotomy in the Treatment of Progressive Collapsing Foot Deformity

Lew C. Schon, Cesar de Cesar Netto, Jonathan Day, Jonathan T. Deland, Beat Hintermann, Jeffrey E. Johnson, Mark S. Myerson, Bruce J. Sangeorzan, David B. Thordarson, Scott J. Ellis

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

Recommendation: There is evidence that the medial displacement calcaneal osteotomy (MDCO) can be effective in treating the progressive collapsing foot deformity (PCFD). This juxta-articular osteotomy of the tuberosity shifts the mechanical axis of the calcaneus from a more lateral position to a more medial position, which provides mechanical advantage in the reconstruction for this condition. This also shifts the action of the Achilles tendon medially, which minimizes the everting deforming effect and improves the inversion forces. When isolated hindfoot valgus exists with adequate talonavicular joint coverage (less than 35%-40% uncoverage) and a lack of significant forefoot supination, varus, or abduction, we recommend performing this osteotomy as an isolated bony procedure, with or without additional soft tissue procedures. The clinical goal of the hindfoot valgus correction is to achieve a clinically neutral heel, as defined by a vertical axis from the heel up the longitudinal axis of the Achilles tendon and distal aspect of the leg. The typical range when performing a MDCO, while considering the location and rotation of the osteotomy, is 7 to 15 mm of correction. Level of Evidence: Level V, consensus, expert opinion.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1282-1285
Number of pages4
JournalFoot and Ankle International
Volume41
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2020

Keywords

  • AAFD
  • MDCO
  • PCFD
  • adult-acquired flatfoot deformity
  • calcaneal osteotomy
  • flatfoot
  • hindfoot valgus
  • medial displacement calcaneal osteotomy
  • medial slide
  • progressive collapsing foot deformity

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