Recommendation: There is evidence that the medial displacement calcaneal osteotomy (MDCO) can be effective in treating the progressive collapsing foot deformity (PCFD). This juxta-articular osteotomy of the tuberosity shifts the mechanical axis of the calcaneus from a more lateral position to a more medial position, which provides mechanical advantage in the reconstruction for this condition. This also shifts the action of the Achilles tendon medially, which minimizes the everting deforming effect and improves the inversion forces. When isolated hindfoot valgus exists with adequate talonavicular joint coverage (less than 35%-40% uncoverage) and a lack of significant forefoot supination, varus, or abduction, we recommend performing this osteotomy as an isolated bony procedure, with or without additional soft tissue procedures. The clinical goal of the hindfoot valgus correction is to achieve a clinically neutral heel, as defined by a vertical axis from the heel up the longitudinal axis of the Achilles tendon and distal aspect of the leg. The typical range when performing a MDCO, while considering the location and rotation of the osteotomy, is 7 to 15 mm of correction. Level of Evidence: Level V, consensus, expert opinion.
- adult-acquired flatfoot deformity
- calcaneal osteotomy
- hindfoot valgus
- medial displacement calcaneal osteotomy
- medial slide
- progressive collapsing foot deformity