Connexin37 (GJA4) genotype predicts survival after an acute coronary syndrome

David E. Lanfear, Philip G. Jones, Sharon Marsh, Sharon Cresci, John A. Spertus, Howard L. McLeod

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

31 Scopus citations


Background: GJA4 1019 C > T, MMP3 -1171delA, and SERPINE1 -668delG genotypes have been associated with the risk of incident myocardial infarction. We tested the hypothesis that these genotypes would predict long-term mortality after an acute coronary syndrome (ACS). Methods: We assembled a prospective cohort study on 726 patients with ACS admitted between March 2000 and October 2001. Kaplan-Meier estimates and Cox proportional hazards models of 3-year mortality adjusted for age, race, ACS type, prior heart failure, diabetes, and revascularization were used to compare groups. Results: The GJA4 1019 C > T genotype was significantly related to mortality over 3 years (8.3% vs 14%, for the C/C vs T allele carriers; P = .02), with an adjusted hazard ratio of 1.7 (95% confidence interval 1.05-2.8, P = .03). This finding was consistent in both men and women (hazard ratio = 1.9 and 1.7, respectively) with no significant sex interaction (P = .8). The MMP3 -1171delA and SERPINE1 -668delG genotypes were not significantly related to mortality in the overall population (all P > .4). Conclusions: GJA4 1019 C > T genotype predicted risk of death after an ACS, whereas the MMP3 and SERPINE1 genotypes did not. The GJA4 1019 C > T polymorphism may warrant integration into comprehensive risk stratification algorithms for patients with ACS.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)561-566
Number of pages6
JournalAmerican heart journal
Issue number3
StatePublished - Sep 2007


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