Inherited cataract is a clinically and genetically heterogeneous disease that most often presents as a congenital autosomal dominant trait. Here we report linkage of a three-generation family of Pakistani origin with autosomal dominant cataract 'zonular nuclear' pulverulent type (CZNP) on chromosome 1q21.1. Genome wide-linkage analysis excluded all the known cataract loci except on chromosome 1q. Significantly positive 2-point lod score values (Z = 3.01 at θ = 0) were obtained for markers D1S305 and D1S2721, which are known to flank the gene for connexin 50 (Cx50) or gap junction protein alpha-X (Gja8). Previously a mutation in this gene has been reported in a British family with zonular pulverulent cataract (CZP). Here we describe a second mutation (E48K) in connexin 50 that confirms the involvement of this gene in cataractogenesis.
|Number of pages||3|
|State||Published - 1999|