Connectome mapping with edge density imaging differentiates pediatric mild traumatic brain injury from typically developing controls: proof of concept

Cyrus A. Raji, Maxwell B. Wang, Nhu Nhu Nguyen, Julia P. Owen, Eva M. Palacios, Esther L. Yuh, Pratik Mukherjee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Although acute neurologic impairment might be transient, other long-term effects can be observed with mild traumatic brain injury. However, when pediatric patients with mild traumatic brain injury present for medical care, conventional imaging with CT and MR imaging often does not reveal abnormalities. Objective: To determine whether edge density imaging can separate pediatric mild traumatic brain injury from typically developing controls. Materials and methods: Subjects were recruited as part of the “Therapeutic Resources for Attention Improvement using Neuroimaging in Traumatic Brain Injury” (TRAIN-TBI) study. We included 24 adolescents (χ=14.1 years of age, σ=1.6 years, range 10–16 years), 14 with mild traumatic brain injury (TBI) and 10 typically developing controls. Neurocognitive assessments included the pediatric version of the California Verbal Learning Test (CVLT) and the Attention Network Task (ANT). Diffusion MR imaging was acquired on a 3-tesla (T) scanner. Edge density images were computed utilizing fiber tractography. Principal component analysis (PCA) and support vector machines (SVM) were used in an exploratory analysis to separate mild TBI and control groups. The diagnostic accuracy of edge density imaging, neurocognitive tests, and fractional anisotropy (FA) from diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) was computed with two-sample t-tests and receiver operating characteristic (ROC) metrics. Results: Support vector machine–principal component analysis of edge density imaging maps identified three white matter regions distinguishing pediatric mild TBI from controls. The bilateral tapetum, sagittal stratum, and callosal splenium identified mild TBI subjects with sensitivity of 79% and specificity of 100%. Accuracy from the area under the ROC curve (AUC) was 94%. Neurocognitive testing provided an AUC of 61% (CVLT) and 71% (ANT). Fractional anisotropy yielded an AUC of 48%. Conclusion: In this proof-of-concept study, we show that edge density imaging is a new form of connectome mapping that provides better diagnostic delineation between pediatric mild TBI and healthy controls than DTI or neurocognitive assessments of memory or attention.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1594-1601
Number of pages8
JournalPediatric radiology
Volume50
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2020

Keywords

  • Brain
  • Children
  • Concussion
  • Diffusion tensor imaging
  • Edge density imaging
  • Magnetic resonance imaging
  • Traumatic brain injury

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