Congenital malformations in newborns of consanguineous and non-consanguineous parents

Shabeen Naz Masood, Nusrat Jamil, Seema N. Mumtaz, Muhammad Faraz Masood, Sajida Muneer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: To find out the pattern of different congenital malformation (CM) and to compare the proportion of congenital malformations between consanguineous and non-consanguineous parents. Methodology: This observational study was done in Countess of Dufferin Fund Hospital, (CDF) Hyderabad from July 2006 to June 2008. All newborns with congenital anomaly at birth were included. Complete examination of the newborn after birth and relevant investigations were done. Babies with malformations whose parents were consanguineous were compared with babies having CM whose parents were non-consanguineous. Maternal age, parity, singletons, multiple births, still births and neonatal death were also recorded. Results: Overall prevalence of congenital malformations was 15.7 / 1000 births. Central nervous system anomalies were the commonest (51%). Congenital malformations in the newborns of consanguineous parents were significantly higher than in the newborns of non-consanguineous parents. Still births and neonatal deaths were commoner in the newborns of consanguineous parents. Conclusion: The results of this study show that parental consanguinity is associated with increased congenital malformations; neural tube defect is the most common anomaly seen.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-5
Number of pages5
JournalPakistan Journal of Medical Sciences
Volume27
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1 2011
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Congenital abnormalities
  • Consanguineous marriage
  • Neural tube defects

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