Background There is strong evidence of a genetic contribution to Wilms tumor, such as WT1 gene variation or epigenetic changes at chromosome locus 11p15. A previous genome wide association study (GWAS) of Wilms tumor identified other significant association loci including Xp22. Case report: A 4-year-old girl developed a Wilms tumor of the left isthmus of a horseshoe kidney. Chromosomal microarray analysis (CMA) of peripheral blood showed a 563 kb copy number gain at Xp22.11 that included PRDX4 and ZFX. PRDX4 has been shown to play an active role in the tumorigenesis of malignant neoplasms in various organs. Beckwith-Wiedemann methylation analysis and WT1 sequencing were negative. Whole exome sequencing of peripheral blood revealed pathogenic variant in PMS2 gene (c.765C > A), which is consistent with Lynch syndrome. Conclusion: We report a case of Wilms tumor with germline Xp22.11 duplication which further supports this locus as germline susceptibility alteration for Wilms Tumor.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)682-688
Number of pages7
JournalFetal and Pediatric Pathology
Issue number4
StatePublished - 2022


  • PRDX4 gene
  • Wilms tumor
  • Xp22.11
  • ZFX gene
  • horseshoe kidney


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