Concomitant Meniscotibial Ligament Reconstruction Decreases Meniscal Extrusion Following Medial Meniscus Allograft Transplantation: A Cadaveric Analysis

Nolan B. Condron, Derrick M. Knapik, Ron Gilat, Amar S. Vadhera, Daniel Farivar, Elizabeth F. Shewman, Adam B. Yanke, Jorge Chahla, Brian J. Cole

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Purpose: To compare meniscal extrusion (ME) following medial meniscus allograft transplantation (MMAT) with and without meniscotibial ligament reconstruction (MTLR). Methods: Ten cadaveric knees were size-matched with meniscus allografts. MMAT was performed via bridge-in-slot technique. Specimens were mounted in a testing system and ME was assessed via ultrasound anterior, directly over, and posterior to the medial collateral ligament at the joint line under 4 testing conditions: (1) 0° flexion and 0 newtons (N) of axial load, (2) 0° and 1,000 N, (3) 30° and 0 N, and (4) 30° and 1,000 N. For each condition, “mean total extrusion” was calculated by averaging measurements at each position. Next, MTLR was performed using 2 inside-out sutures through the remnant allograft meniscotibial ligament and secured to the tibia using anchors. The testing protocol was repeated. Differences in ME between MMAT alone versus MMAT + MTLR were examined. Within-group differences between the measurement positions, loading states, and flexion angles also were assessed. Results: “Mean total extrusion” was greater following MMAT alone (2.56 ± 1.23 mm) versus MMAT + MTLR (2.14 ± 1.07 mm; P = .005) in the loaded state at 0° flexion. ME directly over the MCL was greater following MMAT alone (3.51 ± 1.00 mm) compared with MMAT + MTLR (2.93 ± 0.79 mm; P = .054). Posteriorly, in the loaded state at 0°, ME was greater following MMAT alone (2.43 ± 1.10 mm) compared with MMAT + MTLR (1.96 ± 0.99 mm; P = .010). In all conditions, ME was greater in the loaded state versus the unloaded state. Conclusions: Following MMAT, the addition of MTLR significantly reduced overall ME when compared with isolated MMAT during loading at 0° of flexion in a cadaveric model; given the small absolute values of change in extrusion, clinical significance cannot be gleaned from these findings. Clinical Relevance: During medial meniscus allograft transplantation, augmentation with meniscotibial ligament reconstruction may limit meniscal extrusion and improve the biomechanical milieu of the knee joint following transplant.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3080-3089
Number of pages10
JournalArthroscopy - Journal of Arthroscopic and Related Surgery
Volume38
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2022

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