Computerized electrocardiogram data transformation enables effective algorithmic differentiation of wide QRS complex tachycardias

Anthony H. Kashou, Sarah LoCoco, Preet A. Shaikh, Bhavesh B. Katbamna, Ojasav Sehrawat, Daniel H. Cooper, Sandeep S. Sodhi, Phillip S. Cuculich, Marye J. Gleva, Elena Deych, Ruiwen Zhou, Lei Liu, Abhishek J. Deshmukh, Samuel J. Asirvatham, Peter A. Noseworthy, Christopher V. DeSimone, Adam M. May

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Accurate automated wide QRS complex tachycardia (WCT) differentiation into ventricular tachycardia (VT) and supraventricular wide complex tachycardia (SWCT) can be accomplished using calculations derived from computerized electrocardiogram (ECG) data of paired WCT and baseline ECGs. Objective: Develop and trial novel WCT differentiation approaches for patients with and without a corresponding baseline ECG. Methods: We developed and trialed WCT differentiation models comprised of novel and previously described parameters derived from WCT and baseline ECG data. In Part 1, a derivation cohort was used to evaluate five different classification models: logistic regression (LR), artificial neural network (ANN), Random Forests [RF], support vector machine (SVM), and ensemble learning (EL). In Part 2, a separate validation cohort was used to prospectively evaluate the performance of two LR models using parameters generated from the WCT ECG alone (Solo Model) and paired WCT and baseline ECGs (Paired Model). Results: Of the 421 patients of the derivation cohort (Part 1), a favorable area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC) by all modeling subtypes: LR (0.96), ANN (0.96), RF (0.96), SVM (0.96), and EL (0.97). Of the 235 patients of the validation cohort (Part 2), the Solo Model and Paired Model achieved a favorable AUC for 103 patients with (Solo Model 0.87; Paired Model 0.95) and 132 patients without (Solo Model 0.84; Paired Model 0.95) a corroborating electrophysiology procedure or intracardiac device recording. Conclusion: Accurate WCT differentiation may be accomplished using computerized data of (i) the WCT ECG alone and (ii) paired WCT and baseline ECGs.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere13018
JournalAnnals of Noninvasive Electrocardiology
Volume28
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2023

Keywords

  • non-invasive techniques—electrocardiography < clinical
  • ventricular tachycardia/fibrillation < basic

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