A method for measuring lymph-to-plasma (L/P) protein concentration ratios obtained from protein fractions separated by polyacrylamide gradient gel electrophoresis is presented. A curve-fitting technique is used to decompose lymph and plasma electropherograms containing multiple components into individual components, eliminating protein-protein overlap regions. This allows the concentration of each component in the mixture to be measured accurately, yielding more precise estimates of L/P ratios. This technique consists of three phases. (1) Individual electropherograms are constructed for proteins of various sizes by taking a weighted average of measured electropherograms obtained from the two protein standards closest in size to the protein of interest, (2) Using these generated standard curves, the multicomponent lymph and plasma curves are decomposed into the least number of equally spaced components that yield a good fit. A linear least-squares method is used to do this. Each protein fraction is multiplied by the total measured protein concentration to provide a concentration for each component. (3) Finally, L/P concentration ratios of protein fractions with visible peaks were computed by applying an averaging technique to the equally spaced protein fractions. Plots of sheep lung L/P ratio versus protein size obtained in this manner were compared to L/P ratios obtained using a method of analysis which does not correct for protein overlap. The corrected L/P ratios showed less scatter than the uncorrected curves. Lung lymph data analyzed with the correction method indicated an increased lung microvascular permeability for large proteins following endotoxin infusion, whereas the uncorrected curves were too noisy to support this concept.
|Number of pages||16|
|Journal||Journal of Chromatography B: Biomedical Sciences and Applications|
|State||Published - 1987|