Comprehensive review of provocative and instability physical examination tests of the shoulder

K. J. Hippensteel, Robert Brophy, Matthew V. Smith, Rick W. Wright

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations

Abstract

A detailed physical examination of the shoulder is crucial in creating a diagnosis in patients who present with shoulder pain. Tests of the cervical spine, scapula, and rotator cuff muscles have already been evaluated in a previous article. This article assesses provocative and instability examination tests of the shoulder. Descriptions on how the tests are performed and their diagnostic accuracy are presented.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)395-404
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons
Volume27
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2019

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