A detailed physical examination of the shoulder is crucial in creating a diagnosis in patients who present with shoulder pain. Tests of the cervical spine, scapula, and rotator cuff muscles have already been evaluated in a previous article. This article assesses provocative and instability examination tests of the shoulder. Descriptions on how the tests are performed and their diagnostic accuracy are presented.
|Number of pages||10|
|Journal||Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons|
|State||Published - Jun 1 2019|