Comprehensive MR imaging QA of 0.35 T MR-Linac using a multi-purpose large FOV phantom: A single-institution experience

Shanti Marasini, Hailei Zhang, Lara Dyke, Mike Cole, Benjamin Quinn, Austen Curcuru, Bruce Gu, Rocco Flores, Taeho Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Purpose: Magnetic resonance-guided radiotherapy (MRgRT) is desired for the treatment of diseases in the abdominothoracic region, which has a broad imaging area and continuous motion. To ensure accurate treatment delivery, an effective image quality assurance (QA) program, with a phantom that covers the field of view (FOV) similar to a human torso, is required. However, routine image QA for a large FOV is not readily available at many MRgRT centers. In this work, we present the clinical experience of the large FOV MRgRT Insight phantom for periodic daily and monthly comprehensive magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)-QA and its feasibility compared to the existing institutional routine MRI-QA procedures in 0.35 T MRgRT. Methods: Three phantoms; ViewRay cylindrical water phantom, Fluke 76–907 uniformity and linearity phantom, and Modus QA large FOV MRgRT Insight phantom, were imaged on the 0.35 T MR-Linac. The measurements were made in MRI mode with the true fast imaging with steady-state free precession (TRUFI) sequence. The ViewRay cylindrical water phantom was imaged in a single-position setup whereas the Fluke phantom and Insight phantom were imaged in three different orientations: axial, sagittal, and coronal. Additionally, the phased array coil QA was performed using the horizontal base plate of the Insight phantom by placing the desired coil around the base section which was compared to an in-house built Polyurethane foam phantom for reference. Result: The Insight phantom captured image artifacts across the entire planar field of view, up to 400 mm, in a single image acquisition, which is beyond the FOV of the conventional phantoms. The geometric distortion test showed a similar distortion of 0.45 ± 0.01 and 0.41 ± 0.01 mm near the isocenter, that is, within 300 mm lengths for Fluke and Insight phantoms, respectively, but showed higher geometric distortion of 0.8 ± 0.4 mm in the peripheral region between 300 and 400 mm of the imaging slice for the Insight phantom. The Insight phantom with multiple image quality features and its accompanying software utilized the modulation transform function (MTF) to evaluate the image spatial resolution. The average MTF values were 0.35 ± 0.01, 0.35 ± 0.01, and 0.34 ± 0.03 for axial, coronal, and sagittal images, respectively. The plane alignment and spatial accuracy of the ViewRay water phantom were measured manually. The phased array coil test for both the Insight phantom and the Polyurethane foam phantoms ensured the proper functionality of each coil element. Conclusion: The multifunctional large FOV Insight phantom helps in tracking MR imaging quality of the system to a larger extent compared to the routine daily and monthly QA phantoms currently used in our institute. Also, the Insight phantom is found to be more feasible for routine QA with easy setup.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere14066
JournalJournal of applied clinical medical physics
Issue number10
StatePublished - Oct 2023


  • large FOV phantom
  • MR imaging
  • quality assurance


Dive into the research topics of 'Comprehensive MR imaging QA of 0.35 T MR-Linac using a multi-purpose large FOV phantom: A single-institution experience'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this