Comprehensive Cardiovascular Risk Reduction and Cardiac Rehabilitation in Diabetes and the Metabolic Syndrome

Robert E. Heinl, Devinder S. Dhindsa, Elliot N. Mahlof, William M. Schultz, Johnathan C. Ricketts, Tina Varghese, Amirhossein Esmaeeli, Marc P. Allard-Ratick, Anthony J. Millard, Heval M. Kelli, Pratik B. Sandesara, Danny J. Eapen, Laurence Sperling

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9 Scopus citations

Abstract

The epidemic of obesity has contributed to a growing burden of metabolic syndrome (MetS) and diabetes mellitus (DM) worldwide. MetS is defined as central obesity along with associated factors such as hypertriglyceridemia, low high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, hyperglycemia, and hypertension. MetS and DM are associated with significant cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Healthy behavioural modification is the cornerstone for reducing the atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease burden in this population. Comprehensive, multidisciplinary cardiac rehabilitation (CR) programs reduce mortality and hospitalizations in patients with MetS and DM. Despite this benefit, patients with MetS and DM are less likely to attend and complete CR because of numerous barriers. Implementation of innovative CR delivery models might improve utilization of CR and cardiovascular outcomes in this high-risk population.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)S349-S357
JournalCanadian Journal of Cardiology
Volume32
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2016
Externally publishedYes

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    Heinl, R. E., Dhindsa, D. S., Mahlof, E. N., Schultz, W. M., Ricketts, J. C., Varghese, T., Esmaeeli, A., Allard-Ratick, M. P., Millard, A. J., Kelli, H. M., Sandesara, P. B., Eapen, D. J., & Sperling, L. (2016). Comprehensive Cardiovascular Risk Reduction and Cardiac Rehabilitation in Diabetes and the Metabolic Syndrome. Canadian Journal of Cardiology, 32(10), S349-S357. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cjca.2016.07.507