Complications: Pseudoarthrosis/nonunion

Raj Kullar, Eric Klineberg, Munish Gupta

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review

3 Scopus citations


Pseudoarthrosis or nonunion of the spine is a well-known complication of large deformity surgery. The identification and prevention of nonunion begins with patient selection, the index surgery, and extends into the postoperative period with close monitoring. We discuss patient factors, surgical factors, diagnosis, and treatment of pseudoarthrosis and nonunion of the spine.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationSpine Surgery Basics
PublisherSpringer Berlin Heidelberg
Number of pages8
ISBN (Electronic)9783642341267
ISBN (Print)9783642341250
StatePublished - Jan 1 2014


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