Complication Rates After Medial Patellofemoral Ligament Reconstruction Range From 0% to 32% With 0% to 11% Recurrent Instability: A Systematic Review

Garrett R. Jackson, Trevor Tuthill, Varun Gopinatth, Enzo S. Mameri, Harkirat Jawanda, Joan Sugrañes, Shaan Asif, Morgan Wessels, Johnathon R. McCormick, Daniel J. Kaplan, Adam B. Yanke, Derrick M. Knapik, Nikhil N. Verma, Jorge Chahla

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

15 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose: To review the incidence of complications following primary medial patellofemoral ligament (MPFL) reconstruction for recurrent patellar instability. Methods: A literature search was conducted by querying PubMed and Scopus databases from database inception through August 2022 according to the 2020 Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Review and Meta-analysis guidelines using the terms “Medial Patellofemoral Ligament,” “MPFL,” “reconstruction,” “patellar,” and “instability.” Inclusion criteria included studies reporting complications following primary MPFL reconstruction for recurrent patellar instability. Exclusion criteria consisted of studies reporting on patients undergoing concurrent osteotomy procedures, revision reconstruction, and biomechanical or anatomic studies. The incidence of specific complications was aggregated from the included studies. Results: Twenty-eight studies, consisting of 1,478 patients (n = 1521 knees), with a mean age of 23.3 years (mean range, 19-34.3 years) were identified. The overall incidence of complications ranged from 0% to 32.3% of knees. Failure ranged from 0% to 10.7% of knees, whereas patellar fractures occurred in 0% to 8.3% of knees, primarily in patients treated with full-length transverse tunnel or 2-tunnel techniques. All patellar fractures occurred in patients with patellar tunnels ranging from 4.5 to 6.0 mm in diameter. The incidence of postoperative knee stiffness/range of motion deficit ranged from 0% to 20%. Persistent anterior knee pain, ranged from 0% to 32.3%. Conclusions: Complications following primary MPFL reconstruction ranged from 0% to 32.3% of knees, primarily consisting of residual anterior knee pain. Failure ranged from 0% to 10.7% of knees, whereas patellar fractures were reported in 0% to 8.3% of knees. Fractures primarily occurred with a full-length transverse tunnel or 2-tunnel techniques, whereas all fractures occurred with patellar tunnels ranging from 4.5 mm to 6.0 mm in diameter. Level of Evidence: IV; Systematic Review of Level I-IV studies.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1345-1356
Number of pages12
JournalArthroscopy - Journal of Arthroscopic and Related Surgery
Volume39
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2023

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