Compartment Syndrome in Children

Pooya Hosseinzadeh, Christopher B. Hayes

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

Compartment syndrome in children can present differently than adults. Increased analgesic need should be considered the first sign of evolving compartment syndrome in children. Children with supracondylar humerus fractures, floating elbow injuries, operatively treated forearm fractures, and tibia fractures are at high risk for developing compartment syndrome. Elbow flexion beyond 90° in supracondylar humerus fractures and closed treatment of forearm fractures in floating elbow injuries are associated with increased risk of compartment syndrome. Prompt diagnosis and treatment with fasciotomy in children result in excellent long-term outcomes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)579-587
Number of pages9
JournalOrthopedic Clinics of North America
Volume47
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2016
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Compartment syndrome
  • Fasciotomy
  • Intracompartmental pressure
  • Near-infrared spectroscopy
  • Volkman ischemic contracture

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