Comparison of ultrasonography-guided lateral versus medial costoclavicular brachial plexus block in pediatric patients: A randomized clinical trial

Mehmet F. Cosgun, Emine A. Salviz, Emre S. Bingul, Mehmet Guzel, Emre Senturk, Merve O. Dinc, Salih Aktas, Meltem Savran-Karadeniz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background and aims: Costoclavicular brachial plexus block is gaining popularity due to its ease of application. Lateral and medial costoclavicular approaches have recently been defined. In the current study, we aimed to investigate the procedural execution of these approaches in the pediatric population. Methods: In this study 55 children aged between 2 and 10 years were randomized to receive lateral (LC group) or medial (MC group) costoclavicular brachial plexus block after induction of general anesthesia for postoperative analgesia. All patients received bupivacaine (1 mg/kg, 0.25%) within the center of the cord cluster. The number of needle maneuvers was recorded as primary outcome. Block performing features (ideal ultrasound-guided brachial plexus cords visualization, needle pathway planning time, needle tip and shaft visualization difficulty, requirement of extra needle maneuver due to insufficient local anesthetic distribution, block performance time, total procedure difficulty) and postoperative pain-related data (block intensities, pain scores and analgesic requirements) were all compared as secondary outcomes. Results: The LC group patients required less ultrasound visualization time (median 14 s, range 11–23 s vs. median 42 s, range 15–67 s, p < 0.001) and fewer needle maneuvers (median 1, range 1–2 vs. median 3, range 2–4, p < 0.001) compared to the MC group. Similarly, the median block performance duration was shorter (median 67 s, range 47–94 s vs. median 140s, 90–204 s, p < 0.01) and procedures were perceived as easier (median 4, range 4–5 vs. median 3, range 2–5, p = 0.04) in the LC group. All other parameters were comparable (p > 0.05). Conclusion: The lateral approach required less needle maneuvers than the medial approach. Both techniques represented a good safety profile with favorable analgesic features.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)93-100
Number of pages8
JournalAnaesthesiologie
Volume73
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2024

Keywords

  • Acute pain
  • Infraclavicular block
  • Pain management
  • Pediatric anesthesia
  • Postoperative pain

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