The intestinal fatty acid binding protein gene (Fabpi) provides a good model system for studying how gene transcription is regulated in enterocytes as a function of their differentiation program and location along the duodenal-to-colonic axis. We have compared and contrasted the transcriptional activity of four fusion genes composed of elements from the 5'-nontranscribed domain of rat Fabpi linked to the human growth hormone gene (I-FABP/hGH) in transgenic mice and in five primate epithelial cell lines derived from intestine, liver, kidney, and cervix. Nucleotides -103 to +28 of rat Fabpi are able to direct appropriate lineage-specific and geographic patterns of hGH expression in transgenic mice. I-FABP(-103 to +28)/hGH is preferentially expressed in Caco-2 cells, which emulate some of the features of differentiated small intestinal enterocytes after they reach confluence. However, other I-FABP/hGH fusion genes that exhibit differentiation-dependent changes in their expression along the crypt-to-villus axis do not manifest the same pattern of differentiation-dependent change in activity in this cell line. Correlation of their patterns of expression in vivo and ex vivo suggest that nonproliferating Caco-2 cells mimic some of the features of the transcriptional regulatory environment of enterocytes located in the upper crypt. Nucleotides -103 to +28 of rat Fabpi contain one copy of a repeated 14-base pair element that is conserved in the orthologous mouse and human genes and represented in several other homologous and nonhomologous genes, which are expressed in villus-associated enterocytes. This element binds to two members of the steroid hormone receptor superfamily of transcription factors produced in enterocytes and Caco-2 cells: hepatic nuclear factor-4 (HNF-4) and apolipoprotein regulatory protein-1 (ARP-1). Co-transfection studies performed in Caco-2 cells and in a monkey kidney cell line (CV-1) that lacks endogenous pools of ARP-1 and HNF-4 suggest that ARP-1 and HNF-4 can function to activate I-FABP(-103 to +28)/hGH+3 through their interactions with the 14-base pair element. This activation appears to be affected by elements located between nucleotides -277 and -104 and other transcription factors.
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||Journal of Biological Chemistry|
|State||Published - Jan 1 1993|