Comparison of the Efficacy and Safety of the FDA-approved Intragastric Balloon Systems in a Clinical Setting

Eric Swei, Aymen Almuhaidb, Shelby Sullivan, Abdullah Al-Shahrani, Felicia R. D'Souza, Osama Altayar, Suzanne Bell, Rachel Maday, Mihir S. Wagh, Dan Mullady, Michael Bennett, Dayna Early, Vladimir Kushnir

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


Background and Aims: The gas-filled intragastric balloon (IGB) system (Obalon) and the fluid-filled IGB system (Orbera) are the current FDA-approved IGB systems to treat obesity; however, they have not been previously compared in clinical practice. The aims of this study were to compare their efficacy, tolerance, and safety in a clinical setting. Materials and Methods: This is a retrospective cohort study of consecutive patients treated with the gas-filled IGB or fluid-filled IGB between October 2015 and May 2020 at 2 academic centers. The primary endpoints included percent total body weight loss at balloon removal in patients who completed at least 20 weeks of therapy, the difference in adverse events that required urgent evaluation or hospitalization, and early removal in the 2 groups. Results: A total of 87 patients underwent successful IGB placement (gas-filled IGB n=57, age 48.9±8.8, body mass index 35.5±5 kg/m2; fluid-filled IGB n=30, age 49.2±14.3, body mass index 38.8±6 kg/m2). Eleven patients underwent early device removal. There were no differences in percent total body weight loss at balloon removal and 12 months between the balloon systems (P=0.39). Patients who received the fluid-filled IGB were more likely to require urgent evaluation or treatment, require hospital stay >24 hours, and need early balloon system removal compared with patients treated with the gas-filled IGB. Conclusion: In this 2-center cohort, both FDA-approved gastric balloon systems had the same effectiveness, but the gas-filled IGB had fewer serious adverse events and better tolerability than the fluid-filled IGB.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)578-585
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Clinical Gastroenterology
Issue number6
StatePublished - Jul 24 2023


  • endoscopic bariatric therapy
  • fluid-filled intragastric balloon
  • gas-filled intragastric balloon
  • obesity
  • weight loss


Dive into the research topics of 'Comparison of the Efficacy and Safety of the FDA-approved Intragastric Balloon Systems in a Clinical Setting'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this