Comparison of self-reported dietary intakes from the Automated Self-Administered 24-h recall, 4-d food records, and food-frequency questionnaires against recovery biomarkers

Yikyung Park, Kevin W. Dodd, Victor Kipnis, Frances E. Thompson, Nancy Potischman, Dale A. Schoeller, David J. Baer, Douglas Midthune, Richard P. Troiano, Heather Bowles, Amy F. Subar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

61 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: A limited number of studies have evaluated selfreported dietary intakes against objective recovery biomarkers. Objective: The aim was to compare dietary intakes of multiple Automated Self-Administered 24-h recalls (ASA24s), 4-d food records (4DFRs), and food-frequency questionnaires (FFQs) against recovery biomarkers and to estimate the prevalence of under- and overreporting. Design: Over 12 mo, 530 men and 545 women, aged 50-74 y, were asked to complete 6 ASA24s (2011 version), 2 unweighed 4DFRs, 2 FFQs, two 24-h urine collections (biomarkers for protein, potassium, and sodium intakes), and 1 administration of doubly labeled water (biomarker for energy intake). Absolute and density-based energyadjusted nutrient intakes were calculated. The prevalence of underand overreporting of self-report against biomarkers was estimated. Results: Ninety-two percent of men and 87% of women completed ≥3 ASA24s (mean ASA24s completed: 5.4 and 5.1 for men and women, respectively). Absolute intakes of energy, protein, potassium, and sodium assessed by all self-reported instruments were systematically lower than those from recovery biomarkers, with underreporting greater for energy than for other nutrients. On average, compared with the energy biomarker, intake was underestimated by 15-17% on ASA24s, 18-21% on 4DFRs, and 29-34% on FFQs. Underreporting was more prevalent on FFQs than on ASA24s and 4DFRs and among obese individuals.Mean protein and sodium densities on ASA24s, 4DFRs, and FFQs were similar to biomarker values, but potassium density on FFQs was 26-40% higher, leading to a substantial increase in the prevalence of overreporting compared with absolute potassium intake. Conclusions: Although misreporting is present in all self-report dietary assessment tools, multiple ASA24s and a 4DFR provided the best estimates of absolute dietary intakes for these few nutrients and outperformed FFQs. Energy adjustment improved estimates from FFQs for protein and sodium but not for potassium. The ASA24, which now can be used to collect both recalls and records, is a feasible means to collect dietary data for nutrition research.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)80-93
Number of pages14
JournalAmerican Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Volume107
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2018

Keywords

  • 24-h recalls
  • 4-D food records
  • Dietary assessment
  • Food-frequency questionnaire
  • Overreporting
  • Recovery biomarker
  • Under-reporting

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Comparison of self-reported dietary intakes from the Automated Self-Administered 24-h recall, 4-d food records, and food-frequency questionnaires against recovery biomarkers'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this

    Park, Y., Dodd, K. W., Kipnis, V., Thompson, F. E., Potischman, N., Schoeller, D. A., Baer, D. J., Midthune, D., Troiano, R. P., Bowles, H., & Subar, A. F. (2018). Comparison of self-reported dietary intakes from the Automated Self-Administered 24-h recall, 4-d food records, and food-frequency questionnaires against recovery biomarkers. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 107(1), 80-93. https://doi.org/10.1093/ajcn/nqx002