Comparison of second-generation hand-assisted laparoscopic devices for surgeon pain and arm circulation

Sujata Prabhu, Caroline D. Ames, Yan Yan, Jaime Landman, Ramakrishna Venkatesh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Objectives. To compare two second-generation hand-assist devices (HADs) for surgeon pain and manual blood flow over time in an in vitro model. Methods. Nineteen participants placed their nondominant hand through both the LapDisc and GelPort into a pneumoperitoneum chamber with an insufflation pressure of 15 mm Hg for a 2-hour test period. Pain, on a 10-point visual analog scale, and manual blood flow to the index finger using a laser Doppler skin probe were measured at 10 points during the 2 hours. Participants completed a questionnaire regarding hand comfort and the physical effects of the HAD. Results. At 30, 45, and 60 minutes after hand insertion, the pain scores were significantly greater for the GelPort than for the LapDisc (P = 0.04, P = 0.01, and P = 0.03, respectively). The GelPort caused an immediate reduction in manual blood flow, and the LapDisc caused a small initial increase in manual blood flow (P = 0.03) and, thereafter, a decrease in blood flow. Three participants voluntarily removed their hand at 30, 45, and 60 minutes owing to the pain from GelPort use. No participant withdrew from the LapDisc because of pain. Conclusions. Both HADs resulted in surgeon discomfort in our in vitro model. The GelPort resulted in more subjective pain compared with the LapDisc. Both HADs caused a reduction in manual blood flow. However, compared with the LapDisc, the GelPort caused significantly more reduction in manual blood flow. Surgeon comfort is only one parameter to consider when choosing a HAD.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)912-916
Number of pages5
Issue number4
StatePublished - Oct 1 2005


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