Comparison of running and interrupted vesicourethral anastomoses in a porcine model

David Lieber, Veronique Tran, Jay Belani, Caroline Ames, Kevin Morissey, Yan Yan, Peter Humphrey, Ramakrishna Venkatesh, Jaime Landman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose: To compare running and interrupted suturing techniques for porcine vesicourethral anastomosis with regard to procedure time, histopathologic effects, and leakage. Materials and Methods: Twelve domestic pigs were randomized to a running (N = 6) or an interrupted (N = 6) vesicourethral anastomosis with polyglycolic acid sutures. In each case, the bladder was drained for 7 days. A cystogram was performed immediately after completion of each anastomosis and on postoperative days 7 and 30. Animals were sacrificed on postoperative day 30, and the area of the anastomosis was excised en bloc for histopathologic evaluation. Results: All procedures were completed laparoscopically. The mean operative time for continuous and interrupted suturing were 27.5 and 36.8 minutes, respectively (P = 0.3324). A significant learning curve was noted for both anastomoses, with operative times decreasing with experience in both groups. There was no difference in anastomotic leakage. Histopathology examination revealed more muscle-layer fibrosis in the interrupted-suture group than in the continuous-suture group, with a mean score of 2.17 and 1.67, respectively (P = 0.0325). Conclusions: Both continuous and interrupted vesicourethral anastomoses are feasible. In this in-vivo porcine comparison, there was no difference with respect to procedure time or anastomotic leakage. However, histopathologic grading demonstrated greater muscle fibrosis in the interrupted-suture group.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1109-1113
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Endourology
Volume19
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2005

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