Comparison of Performance Characteristics and Efficacy of Bilateral Thoracic Paravertebral Blocks in Obese and Non-Obese Patients Undergoing Reduction Mammaplasty Surgery: A Historical Cohort Study

Emine A. Şalvız, Emre S. Bingül, Mehmet Güzel, Meltem Savran Karadeniz, Özlem Turhan, Ebru Emre Demirel, Esra Saka

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Although ultrasound (US)-guided regional anesthesia techniques are advantageous in the management of obese patients; the procedures can still be associated with technical difficulties and greater failure rates. The aim of this study is to compare the performance properties and analgesic efficacy of US-guided bilateral thoracic paravertebral blocks (TPVBs) in obese and non-obese patients. Methods: Data of 82 patients, who underwent bilateral reduction mammaplasty under general anesthesia with adjunctive TPVB analgesia between December 2016 and February 2020, were reviewed. Patients were allocated into two groups with respect to their BMI scores (Group NO: BMI < 30 and Group O: BMI ≥ 30). Demographics, ideal US visualization time, total bilateral TPVB procedure time, needle tip visualization and performance difficulties, number of needle maneuvers, surgical, anesthetic and analgesic follow-up parameters, incidence of postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV), sleep duration, length of postanesthesia care unit (PACU) and hospital stay, and patient/surgeon satisfaction scores were investigated. Results: Seventy-nine patients’ data were complete. Ideal US visualization and total TPVB performance times were shorter, number of needle maneuvers were fewer and length of PACU stay was shorter in Group NO (p < 0.05). Postoperative pain scores were generally similar within first 24 h (p > 0.05). Time to postoperative pain, total analgesic requirements, incidence of PONV, sleep duration, length of hospital stay were comparable (p > 0.05). Satisfaction was slightly higher in Group NO (p < 0.05). Conclusions: US-guided TPVB performances in obese patients might be more challenging and take longer time. However, it is still successful providing good acute pain control in patients undergoing reduction mammaplasty surgeries. Level of Evidence III: This journal requires that authors assign a level of evidence to each article. For a full description of these Evidence-Based Medicine ratings, please refer to the Table of Contents or the online Instructions to Authors www.springer.com/00266 .

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1343-1352
Number of pages10
JournalAesthetic Plastic Surgery
Volume47
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2023

Keywords

  • Acute pain
  • Bilateral thoracic paravertebral block
  • Obese patient
  • Postoperative analgesia
  • Reduction mammaplasty surgery

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