Comparison of Microorganism Detection and Time to Positivity in Pediatric and Standard Media from Three Major Commercial Continuously Monitored Blood Culture Systems

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Abstract

New blood culture instrumentation and medium formulations have led to improved time to positivity (TTP) for positive blood cultures. Data regarding the necessity of pediatric blood culture bottles with contemporary blood culture systems are sparse. We compared performance of three commercial blood culture systems, evaluating impact of blood volumes in standard and pediatric blood culture media across systems. Simulated blood cultures with packed red blood cells (PRBCs) and three Gram-positive, four Gram-negative, and one anaerobic organism (final concentrations ranging from 0.5 to 19 CFU/ml blood) on the Virtuo, VersaTrek, and Bactec FX instruments were evaluated with FAN Plus, Redox, and Bactec Plus media, respectively. For each medium/instrument/organism combination, 1-, 3-, 5-, and 10-ml blood volumes were evaluated in triplicate. Detection rate was not affected by blood volume. Aerobic organisms that demonstrated variable rates of detection were Kingella kingae, Haemophilus influenzae, and Neisseria meningitidis. Bacteroides fragilis was detected in 83%, 100%, and 100% of Virtuo, VersaTrek, and Bactec anaerobic bottles, respectively. The average TTP of standard medium for aerobic organisms detected on Virtuo was decreased compared to those for VersaTrek (22.3 h) and Bactec (24.9 h). Compared to standard medium, detection rate and TTP were unchanged on Virtuo, while TTP was reduced with pediatric medium for 2/8 organisms tested on Bactec and 7/8 organisms on VersaTrek, illustrating the potential benefit of pediatric medium on VersaTrek or Bactec when low blood volumes (,5ml) are collected. These results demonstrate that TTP is decreased on the Virtuo compared to VersaTrek and Bactec for many microorganisms associated with bloodstream infection (BSI) but may have species-specific limitations.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere00429-21
JournalJournal of clinical microbiology
Volume59
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2021

Keywords

  • Bactec
  • VersaTrek
  • Virtuo
  • blood culture
  • bloodstream infection
  • pediatric media

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