Comparison of Kalman-filter-based approaches for block matching in arterial wall motion analysis from B-mode ultrasound

A. Gastounioti, S. Golemati, J. Stoitsis, K. S. Nikita

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

38 Scopus citations

Abstract

Block matching (BM) has been previously used to estimate motion of the carotid artery from B-mode ultrasound image sequences. In this paper, Kalman filtering (KF) was incorporated in this conventional method in two distinct scenarios: (a) as an adaptive strategy, by renewing the reference block and (b) by renewing the displacements estimated by BM or adaptive BM. All methods resulting from combinations of BM and KF with the two scenarios were evaluated on synthetic image sequences by computing the warping index, defined as the mean squared error between the real and estimated displacements. Adaptive BM, followed by an update through the second scenario at the end of tracking, ABM-KF-K2, minimized the warping index and yielded average displacement error reductions of 24% with respect to BM. The same method decreased estimation bias and jitter over varying center frequencies by 30% and 64%, respectively, with respect to BM. These results demonstrated the increased accuracy and robustness of ABM-KF-K2 in motion tracking of the arterial wall from B-mode ultrasound images, which is crucial in the study of mechanical properties of normal and diseased arterial segments.

Original languageEnglish
Article number114008
JournalMeasurement Science and Technology
Volume22
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2011

Keywords

  • arterial wall
  • block matching
  • Kalman filter
  • motion analysis
  • ultrasound

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