Comparison of electrocardiography and thallium-201 myocardial scintigraphy for the detection of ergonovine-induced coronary artery spasm: Angiographic correlation

Jeffrey G. Shanes, Dan Pavel, Michael Blend, Enrique Olea, Ronald Krone, Kathy Lacny, Michael Marmulstein, Robert Malik, Carol Meyer, George T. Kondos

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

This study was performed to determine the sensitivity of thallium imaging vs ECG monitoring for detecting coronary artery spasm noninvasively following intravenous ergonovine administration as compared to simultaneous coronary angiography. Thirty-two patients with insignificant coronary artery disease and chest paln underwent 12-lead ECG monitoring, thallium imaging, and coronary arteriography following the administration of 0.05, 0.1, 0.2, and 0.3 mg of ergonovine given 5 minutes apart or until chest pain occurred. One minute following the last dose of ergonovine, 2.5 mCi of thallium-201 was injected intravenously, and a final ECG was recorded and repeat coronary arteriography performed. Within 10 minutes following the injection of thallium, imaging was performed in the 40-degree and 70-degree left anterior oblique and anterior projections. The ECG, thallium study, and coronary arteriogram were read blindly and results were compared. The ECG, anglogram, and thallium study were read as positive if the following occurred, respectively: ≥1 mm ST segment elevation, depression, or T wave reversal; greater than 50% vessel narrowing; and reversible perfusion defect. Five patients were excluded from analysis because of either catheter-induced spasm, suboptimal thallium studies, or protocol violations. Of the 27 patients included for analysis, six had chest pain, five had a positive angiogram, five had a positive thallium study, and one had a positive ECG. The sensitivity of thallium vs ECG monitoring was 80% vs 25%, and the accuracy was 92% vs 80%. We conclude that thallium imaging greatly increases the noninvasive detection of ergonovine-induced coronary spasm as compared with the ECG with no loss of accuracy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)663-671
Number of pages9
JournalAmerican heart journal
Volume113
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1987

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