Comparison of effects of exercise and diuretic on left ventricular geometry, mass, and insulin resistance in older hypertensive adults

Morton R. Rinder, Robert J. Spina, Linda R. Peterson, Christopher J. Koenig, Christa R. Florence, Ali A. Ehsani

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

17 Scopus citations

Abstract

To compare the effects of exercise training and hydrochlorothiazide on left ventricular (LV) geometry and mass, blood pressure (BP), and hyperinsulinemia in older hypertensive adults, we studied 28 patients randomized either to a group (age 66.4 ± 1.3 yr; n = 16) that exercised or to a group (age 65.3 ± 1.2 yr; n = 12) that received hydrochlorothiazide for 6 mo. Endurance exercise training induced a 15% increase in peak aerobic power. The reduction in systolic BP was twofold greater with thiazide than with exercise (26.6 ± 12.2 vs. 11.5 ± 10.9 mmHg). Exercise and thiazide reduced LV wall thickness, LV mass index (14% in each group), and the LV wall thickness-to-radius ratio (h/r) similarly (exercise: before 0.48 ± 0.2, after 0.42 ± 0.01; thiazide: before 0.47 ± 0.04, after 0.40 ± 0.04; P = 0.017). The reductions in systolic BP and h/r were correlated in the exercise group (r = 0.70, P = 0.005) but not in the thiazide group. Exercise training reduced glucose-stimulated hyperinsulinemia (before: 13.65 ± 2.6 vs. 9.84 ± 1.5 mU·ml-1·min; P = 0.04) and insulin resistance. Thiazide did not affect plasma insulin levels. The results suggest that although exercise is less effective in reducing systolic BP than thiazide, it can induce regression of LV hypertrophy similar in magnitude to thiazide. Unlike hydrochlorothiazide, exercise training can improve insulin resistance and aerobic capacity in older hypertensive people.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)R360-R368
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Regulatory Integrative and Comparative Physiology
Volume287
Issue number2 56-2
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2004

Keywords

  • Blood pressure
  • Fitness
  • Hyperinsulinemia
  • Left ventricular remodeling

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