To compare the effects of exercise training and hydrochlorothiazide on left ventricular (LV) geometry and mass, blood pressure (BP), and hyperinsulinemia in older hypertensive adults, we studied 28 patients randomized either to a group (age 66.4 ± 1.3 yr; n = 16) that exercised or to a group (age 65.3 ± 1.2 yr; n = 12) that received hydrochlorothiazide for 6 mo. Endurance exercise training induced a 15% increase in peak aerobic power. The reduction in systolic BP was twofold greater with thiazide than with exercise (26.6 ± 12.2 vs. 11.5 ± 10.9 mmHg). Exercise and thiazide reduced LV wall thickness, LV mass index (14% in each group), and the LV wall thickness-to-radius ratio (h/r) similarly (exercise: before 0.48 ± 0.2, after 0.42 ± 0.01; thiazide: before 0.47 ± 0.04, after 0.40 ± 0.04; P = 0.017). The reductions in systolic BP and h/r were correlated in the exercise group (r = 0.70, P = 0.005) but not in the thiazide group. Exercise training reduced glucose-stimulated hyperinsulinemia (before: 13.65 ± 2.6 vs. 9.84 ± 1.5 mU·ml-1·min; P = 0.04) and insulin resistance. Thiazide did not affect plasma insulin levels. The results suggest that although exercise is less effective in reducing systolic BP than thiazide, it can induce regression of LV hypertrophy similar in magnitude to thiazide. Unlike hydrochlorothiazide, exercise training can improve insulin resistance and aerobic capacity in older hypertensive people.
|Journal||American Journal of Physiology - Regulatory Integrative and Comparative Physiology|
|Issue number||2 56-2|
|State||Published - Aug 2004|
- Blood pressure
- Left ventricular remodeling