Comparison of carbon-11-acetate with fluorine-18-fluorodeoxyglucose for delineating viable myocardium by positron emission tomography

Rober J. Gropler, Edward M. Geltman, Kondapuram Sampathkumaran, Julio E. Pérez, Kenneth B. Schechtman, Andrea Conversano, Burton E. Sobel, Steven R. Bergmann, Barry A. Siegel

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138 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objectives. This study was designed to determine in patients with advanced coronary disease whether prediction of recovery of mechanical function after coronary revascularization could be accomplished more effectively by positron emission tomography (PET) with Carbon-11 (11C)-acetate than by PET with fluorine-18 (18F)-fluorodeoxyglucose. Background.Results of previous studies have demonstrated that preservation of myocardial oxidative metabolism (measured by PET with 11C-acetate) is necessary for recovery of systolic function after coronary revascularization. Methods. Myocardial oxidative metabolism was quantified before revascularization in 34 patients by the analysis of the rate of myocardial clearance of 11C-acetate. Metabolism of glucose was assessed by analysis of uptake of 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose. Receiver operating characteristic curves for predicting functional recovery were derived for the measurements of oxidative metabolism and glucose metabolism. In addition, criteria for prediction of recovery of function based on measurements of oxidative metabolism and glucose metabolism were developed and compared. Results. Analysis of receiver operating characteristic curves indicated that estimates of oxidative metabolism were more robust in predicting functional recovery than were estimates of glucose metabolism (p < 0.02). Moreover, thershold criteria with 11C-acetate exhibited superior positive and negative predictive values (67% and 89%, respectively) than did the criteria with 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose (52% and 81%, respectively), p < 0.01. In segments with initially severe dysfunction, estimates of oxidative metabolism tended to be more robust than estimates of glucose metabolism in predicting functional recovery. Moreover, in such segments, the threshold criteria with 11C-acetate to exhibit superior positive and negative predictive values (85% and 87%, respectively) than did the criteria with 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose (72% and 82%, respectively), although statistical significance was not achieved. Conclusions. In patients with advanced coronary artery disease, the extent to which functional recovery can be anticipated after coronary revascularization can be delineated accurately by quantification of regional oxidative metabolism by PET with 11C-acetate.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1587-1597
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of the American College of Cardiology
Volume22
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 15 1993

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