Background: The purpose of this pilot study was to compare body composition metrics obtained by two portable bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA) devices with dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) among adolescents with cystic fibrosis (CF) before and after a resistance exercise training program. Methods: Participants with CF were assessed using DXA, single-frequency BIA (SFBIA), and multiple-frequency BIA (MFBIA) to quantify percent body fat (%Fat), fat mass (FM), and fat-free mass (FFM) at baseline and after a home-based resistance training intervention comprised of 36, 1 h sessions completed in 12–14 weeks. Repeated measures analysis of variance, paired samples t-tests, Cohen’s d effect sizes, and Pearson’s correlations were used to compare differences between and within methods at baseline and post-intervention. Results: Ten participants (15.8 ± 2.2 yr, 60.1 ± 15.1 kg) completed the assessments. At baseline, both SFBIA and MFBIA scales significantly underestimated %Fat and FM and overestimated FFM, with small to moderate effect sizes. Post-intervention, small, non-significant differences were found between DXA and both BIA scales for all body composition metrics. Significant changes in %Fat and FFM were observed with DXA. MFBIA displayed less constant error than SFBIA when compared to DXA for pre-and post-intervention assessments for %Fat (MFBIA: pre and post −2.8 and −0.8 vs. SFBIA: −4.6 and −2.0), FM (−0.4 and −0.4 vs. −3.0 and −1.1), and FFM (+0.8 and +0.6 vs. +3.1 and +1.3). Near-perfect correlations were observed at both time points between DXA and each BIA scale. Conclusions: Portable BIA results should be interpreted with caution, and further validation studies in CF patients are needed prior to clinical use.
|Journal||International journal of environmental research and public health|
|State||Published - Apr 1 2022|
- body composition
- fat mass
- impaired glucose tolerance
- muscle mass
- nutritional status