Introduction: This study compares anthropometric outcomes of 2 sagittal synostosis repair techniques: spring-assisted surgery and endoscope-assisted craniectomy with molding helmet therapy. Methods: Patients undergoing spring-assisted surgery (n = 27) or endoscope-assisted craniectomy with helmet therapy (n = 40) at separate institutions were retrospectively reviewed. Pre- and 1-year postoperative computed tomography (CT) or laser scans were analyzed for traditional cranial index (CI), adjusted cranial index (aCI), and cranial vault volume (CVV). Nine patient-matched scans were analyzed for measurement consistency. Results: The spring-assisted group was older at both time points (P <.050) and spring-assisted group CVV was larger preoperatively and postoperatively (P <.01). However, the change in CVV did not differ between the groups (P =.210). There was no difference in preoperative CI (helmet vs spring: 70.1 vs 71.2, P =.368) between the groups. Postoperatively, helmet group CI (77.0 vs 74.3, P =.008) was greater. The helmet group also demonstrated a greater increase in CI (6.9 vs 3.1, P <.001). The proportion of patients achieving CI of 75 or greater was not significantly different between the groups (helmet vs spring: CI, 65% vs 52%, P =.370). There was no detectable bias in CI between matched CT and laser scans. Differences were identified between scan types in aCI and CVV measurements; subsequent analyses used corrected CVV and aCI measures for laser scan measures. Conclusions: Both techniques had equivalent proportions of patients achieving normal CI, comparable effects on cranial volume, and similar operative characteristics. The study suggests that there may be greater improvement in CI in the helmet group. However, further research should be performed.
- craniofacial morphology
- sagittal craniosynostosis