The purpose of this exploratory analysis was to compare the impact of movement pattern training (MoveTrain) and standard strength and flexibility training (Standard) on muscle volume, strength and fatty infiltration in patients with hip-related groin pain (HRGP). We completed a secondary analysis of data collected during an assessor-blinded randomized control trial. Data were used from 27 patients with HRGP, 15–40 years, who were randomized into MoveTrain or Standard groups. Both groups participated in their training protocol (MoveTrain, n = 14 or Standard, n = 13) which included 10 supervised sessions over 12 weeks and a daily home exercise program. Outcome measures were collected at baseline and immediately after treatment. Magnetic resonance images data were used to determine muscle fat index (MFI) and muscle volume. A hand-held dynamometer was used to assess isometric hip abductor and extensor strength. The Standard group demonstrated a significant posttreatment increase in gluteus medius muscle volume compared to the MoveTrain group. Both groups demonstrated an increase in hip abductor strength and reduction in gluteus minimus and gluteus maximus MFI. The magnitude of change for all outcomes were modest. Statement of Clinical Significance: Movement pattern training or a program of strength/flexibility training may be effective at improving hipabductor strength and reducing fatty infiltration in the gluteal musculature among those with HRGP. Further research is needed to betterunderstand etiology of strength changes and impact of muscle volume and MFI in HRGP and the effect of exercise on muscle structure andfunction.
- fatty infiltration
- hip-related groin pain