Comparing Change in Anterior Curvature After Corneal Cross-linking Using Scanning-slit and Scheimpflug Technology

Paul Z. Lang, Praneetha Thulasi, Sumitra S. Khandelwal, Farhad Hafezi, J. Bradley Randleman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose: To evaluate the correlation between anterior axial curvature difference maps following corneal cross-linking (CXL) for progressive keratoconus obtained from Scheimpflug-based tomography and Placido-based topography. Design: Between-devices reliability analysis of randomized clinical trial data. Methods: Corneal imaging was collected at a single-center institution preoperatively and at 3, 6, and 12 months postoperatively using Scheimpflug-based tomography (Pentacam; Oculus Inc, Lynnwood, Washington, USA) and scanning-slit, Placido-based topography (Orbscan II; Bausch & Lomb, Rochester, New York, USA) in patients with progressive keratoconus receiving standard protocol CXL (3 mW/cm2 for 30 minutes). Regularization index (RI), absolute maximum keratometry (K Max), and change in K Max (ΔK Max) were compared between the 2 devices at each time point. Results: Fifty-one eyes from 36 patients were evaluated at all time points. Values were significantly different at all time points (56.01 ± 5.3 diopters [D] Scheimpflug vs 55.04 ± 5.1 D scanning-slit preoperatively [P =.003]; 54.58 ± 5.3 D Scheimpflug vs 53.12 ± 4.9 D scanning-slit at 12 months [P <.0001]) but strongly correlated between devices (r = 0.90–0.93) at all time points. The devices were not significantly different at any time point for either ΔK Max or RI but were poorly correlated at all time points (r = 0.41–0.53 for ΔK Max, r = 0.29–0.48 for RI). At 12 months, 95% limits of agreement were 7.51 D for absolute K Max, 8.61 D for ΔK Max, and 19.86 D for RI. Conclusions: Measurements using Scheimpflug and scanning-slit Placido-based technology are correlated but not interchangeable. Both devices appear reasonable for separately monitoring the cornea's response to CXL; however, caution should be used when comparing results obtained with one measuring technology to the other.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)129-134
Number of pages6
JournalAmerican journal of ophthalmology
Volume191
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2018

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