The human clade B serpins neutralize serine or cysteine proteinases and reside predominantly within the intracellular compartment. Genomic analysis shows that the 13 human clade B serpins map to either 6p25 (n = 3) or 18q21 (n = 10). Similarly, the mouse clade B serpins map to syntenic loci at 13A3.2 and 1D, respectively. The mouse clade B cluster at 13A3.2 shows a marked expansion in the number of serpin genes (n = 15). The purpose of this study was to determine whether a similar expansion occurred at 1D. Using STS-content mapping, comparative genomic DNA sequence analysis, and cDNA cloning, we found that the mouse clade B cluster at 1D showed nearly complete conservation of gene number, order, and orientation relative to those of 18q21. The only exception was the squamous cell carcinoma antigen (SCCA) locus. The human SCCA locus contains two genes, SERPINB3 (SCCA1) and SERPINB4 (SCCA2), whereas the mouse locus contains four serpins and three pseudogenes. Based on phylogenetic analysis and predicted amino acid sequences, amplification of the mouse SCCA locus occurred after rodents and primates diverged and was associated with some diversification of proteinase inhibitory activity relative to that of humans.
- Chromosome 18
- National Center for Biotechnology Information
- expressed sequence tag
- percentage identity plots
- reactive site loop
- serine proteinase inhibitor
- squamous cell carcinoma antigen