Comparative effectiveness evidence from the spine patient outcomes research trial: Surgical versus nonoperative care for spinal stenosis, degenerative spondylolisthesis, and intervertebral disc herniation

Anna N.A. Tosteson, Tor D. Tosteson, Jon D. Lurie, William Abdu, Harry Herkowitz, Gunnar Andersson, Todd Albert, Keith Bridwell, Wenyan Zhao, Margaret R. Grove, Milton C. Weinstein, James N. Weinstein

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

156 Scopus citations

Abstract

Study Design: Cost-effectiveness analysis of a randomized plus observational cohort trial. Objective: Analyze cost-effectiveness of Spine Patient Outcomes Research Trial data over 4 years comparing surgery with nonoperative care for three common diagnoses: spinal stenosis (SPS), degenerative spondylolisthesis (DS), and intervertebral disc herniation (IDH). Summary of Background Data: Spine surgery rates continue to rise in the United States, but the safety and economic value of these procedures remain uncertain. Methods: Patients with image-confirmed diagnoses were followed in randomized or observational cohorts with data on resource use, productivity, and EuroQol EQ-5D health state values measured at 6 weeks, 3, 6, 12, 24, 36, and 48 months. For each diagnosis, cost per quality-adjusted life year (QALY) gained in 2004 US dollars was estimated for surgery relative to nonoperative care using a societal perspective, with costs and QALYs discounted at 3% per year. Results: Surgery was performed initially or during the 4-year follow-up among 414 of 634 (65.3%) SPS, 391 of 601 (65.1%) DS, and 789 of 1192 (66.2%) IDH patients. Surgery improved health, with persistent QALY differences observed through 4 years (SPS QALY gain 0.22; 95% confidence interval, CI: 0.15, 0.34; DS QALY gain 0.34, 95% CI: 0.30, 0.47; and IDH QALY gain 0.34, 95% CI: 0.31, 0.38). Costs per QALY gained decreased for SPS from $77,600 at 2 years to $59,400 (95% CI: $37,059, $125,162) at 4 years, for DS from $115,600 to $64,300 per QALY (95% CI: $32,864, $83,117), and for IDH from $34,355 to $20,600 per QALY (95% CI: $4,539, $33,088). Conclusion: Comparative effectiveness evidence for clearly defined diagnostic groups from Spine Patient Outcomes Research Trial shows good value for surgery compared with nonoperative care over 4 years.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2061-2068
Number of pages8
JournalSpine
Volume36
Issue number24
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 15 2011

Keywords

  • Costeffectiveness
  • EQ-5D
  • QALY
  • SF-6D
  • degenerative spondylolisthesis
  • fusion surgery
  • instrumented fusion
  • intervertebral disc herniation
  • spinal stenosis

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Comparative effectiveness evidence from the spine patient outcomes research trial: Surgical versus nonoperative care for spinal stenosis, degenerative spondylolisthesis, and intervertebral disc herniation'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this

    Tosteson, A. N. A., Tosteson, T. D., Lurie, J. D., Abdu, W., Herkowitz, H., Andersson, G., Albert, T., Bridwell, K., Zhao, W., Grove, M. R., Weinstein, M. C., & Weinstein, J. N. (2011). Comparative effectiveness evidence from the spine patient outcomes research trial: Surgical versus nonoperative care for spinal stenosis, degenerative spondylolisthesis, and intervertebral disc herniation. Spine, 36(24), 2061-2068. https://doi.org/10.1097/BRS.0b013e318235457b