Comparative clinical study of port-closure techniques following laparoscopic surgery

Osama M. Elashry, Stephen Y. Nakada, J. Stuart Wolf, R. Sherburne Figenshau, Elspeth M. McDougall, Ralph V. Dayman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

55 Scopus citations

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Recently, a number of laparoscopic port-closure techniques have been reported to avoid the complications associated with the port closure after laparoscopic surgery. To evaluate these port-closure techniques, we compared seven new laparoscopic port-closure techniques with the standard technique of a hand-sutured closure. STUDY DESIGN: In a prospective, randomized study, 95, 12-mm port sites in 32 patients undergoing transperitoneal laparoscopic procedures were randomized to one of eight different port-site closure techniques. The port-closure techniques included: the Carter-Thomason Needle-Point Suture Passer, Maciol suture needle set, eXit Disposable Puncture Closure device, Endoclose suture carrier, Tahoe Surgical Instruments Ligature device, a long 14-gauge angiocatheter with looped polypropylene suture, Lowsley retractor with hand-sutured closure, and the standard technique of hand-sutured closure. We evaluated the time, the security, and the auxiliary instrumentation required for each closure. RESULTS: Of the port-closure techniques, the Carter-Thomason device was faster overall, resulted in fewer port-closure-related complications and provided a leak proof closure. CONCLUSIONS: The Carter-Thomason device is our preferred method for the closure of port sites after laparoscopic surgery.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)335-344
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of the American College of Surgeons
Volume183
Issue number4
StatePublished - Oct 1 1996

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