Commonly used severity scores are not good predictors of mortality in sepsis from severe leptospirosis: A series of ten patients

Dimitrios Velissaris, Menelaos Karanikolas, Nikolaos Flaris, Fotini Fligou, Markos Marangos, Kriton S. Filos

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

Introduction. Severe leptospirosis, also known as Weil's disease, can cause multiorgan failure with high mortality. Scoring systems for disease severity have not been validated for leptospirosis, and there is no documented method to predict mortality. Methods. This is a case series on 10 patients admitted to ICU for multiorgan failure from severe leptospirosis. Data were collected retrospectively, with approval from the Institution Ethics Committee. Results. Ten patients with severe leptospirosis were admitted in the Patras University Hospital ICU in a four-year period. Although, based on SOFA scores, predicted mortality was over 80, seven of 10 patients survived and were discharged from the hospital in good condition. There was no association between SAPS II or SOFA scores and mortality, but survivors had significantly lower APACHE II scores compared to nonsurvivors. Conclusion. Commonly used severity scores do not seem to be useful in predicting mortality in severe leptospirosis. Early ICU admission and resuscitation based on a goal-directed therapy protocol are recommended and may reduce mortality. However, this study is limited by retrospective data collection and small sample size. Data from large prospective studies are needed to validate our findings.

Original languageEnglish
Article number532376
JournalCritical Care Research and Practice
Volume2012
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 19 2012

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