Common Components of General Surgery Robotic Educational Programs

Camille L. Stewart, Courtney Green, Michael P. Meara, Michael M. Awad, Megan Nelson, Alisa M. Coker, John Porterfield

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


OBJECTIVE: Robotically assisted surgery has become more common in general surgery, but there is limited guidance from the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) regarding this type of training. We sought to determine common elements and differences in the robotic educational curricula developed by general surgery residency programs. DESIGN: Robotic educational curricula were obtained from the 7 individuals who presented at the workshop, “Robotic Education in General Surgery” at the 2023 Association of Program Directors in Surgery annual meeting. RESULTS: All 7 general surgery programs had training beginning intern year, required online robotic modules, had at least 1 dedicated simulation training console not used for clinical purposes, and ran dry and wet (tissue) robotic labs at least annually. All programs had bedside and console surgeon case minimums and had administrative support to run the educational programs. Differences existed regarding how training intern year was executed, the simulations required, clinical practice minimum requirements, how progress was monitored over time, and how case numbers were tracked. Some programs had salary support for a director of robotic education. CONCLUSIONS: There are several common elements to robotic educational curricula in general surgery, however significant variation does exist between programs. Given the frequency of robotic use in general surgery and current lack of standardization, formal guidance from the ACGME specifically regarding robotic education in general surgery residency is warranted.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1717-1722
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Surgical Education
Issue number11
StatePublished - Nov 2023


  • curriculum development
  • general surgery
  • minimally invasive surgery
  • robotic surgery
  • the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education


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