Combined rectopexy and sacrocolpopexy is safe for correction of pelvic organ prolapse

Cristina B. Geltzeiler, Elisa H. Birnbaum, Matthew L. Silviera, Matthew G. Mutch, Joel Vetter, Paul E. Wise, Steven R. Hunt, Sean C. Glasgow

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose: Pelvic floor abnormalities often affect multiple organs. The incidence of concomitant uterine/vaginal prolapse with rectal prolapse is at least 38%. For these patients, addition of sacrocolpopexy to rectopexy may be appropriate. Our aim was to determine if addition of sacrocolpopexy to rectopexy increases the procedural morbidity over rectopexy alone. Methods: We utilized the ACS-NSQIP database to examine female patients who underwent rectopexy from 2005 to 2014. We compared patients who had a combined procedure (sacrocolpopexy and rectopexy) to those who had rectopexy alone. Thirty-day morbidity was compared and a multivariable model constructed to determine predictors of complications. Results: Three thousand six hundred patients underwent rectopexy; 3394 had rectopexy alone while 206 underwent a combined procedure with the addition of sacrocolpopexy. Use of the combined procedure increased significantly from 2.6 to 7.7%. Overall morbidity did not differ between groups (14.8% rectopexy alone vs. 13.6% combined procedure, p = 0.65). Significant predictors of morbidity included addition of resection to a rectopexy procedure, elevated BMI, smoking, wound class, and ASA class. After controlling for these and other patient factors, the addition of sacrocolpopexy to rectopexy did not increase overall morbidity (OR 1.00, p = 0.98). Conclusions: There is no difference in operative morbidity when adding sacrocolpopexy to a rectopexy procedure. Despite a modest increase in utilization of combined procedures over time, the overall rate remains low. These findings support the practice of multidisciplinary evaluation of patients presenting with rectal prolapse, with the goal of offering concurrent surgical correction for all compartments affected by pelvic organ prolapse disorders.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1453-1459
Number of pages7
JournalInternational Journal of Colorectal Disease
Volume33
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2018

Keywords

  • Pelvic floor
  • Pelvic organ prolapse
  • Rectal prolapse
  • Rectopexy
  • Sacrocolpopexy

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