Three-dimensional (3D) perfusion imaging allows the assessment of pulmonary blood flow in parenchyma and main pulmonary arteries simultaneously. MRI using laser-polarized 3He gas clearly shows the ventilation distribution with high signal-to-noise ratio (SNR). In this report, the feasibility of combined lung MR angiography, perfusion, and ventilation imaging is demonstrated in a porcine model. Ultrafast gradient-echo sequences have been used for 3D perfusion and angiographic imaging, in conjunction with the use of contrast agent injections. 2D multiple-section 3He imaging was performed subsequently by inhalation of 450 ml of hyperpolarized 3He gas. The MR techniques were examined in a series of porcine models with externally delivered pulmonary emboli and/or airway occlusions. With emboli, perfusion deficits without ventilation defects were observed; airway occlusion resulted in matched deficits in perfusion and ventilation. High-resolution MR angiography can unambiguously reveal the location and size of the blood emboli. The combination of the three imaging methods may provide complementary information on abnormal lung anatomy and function.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)433-438
Number of pages6
JournalMagnetic resonance in medicine
Issue number3
StatePublished - 2002


  • Contrast agents
  • Hyperpolarized gas
  • MR angiography
  • MR perfusion
  • Pulmonary emboli


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