The perturbation of myocardial transcriptome homeostasis is the hallmark of pathological hypertrophy, underlying the maladaptive myocardial remodeling secondary to pathological stresses. Classic and novel therapeutics that provide beneficial effects against pathological remodeling likely impact myocardial transcriptome architecture, including miRNA and mRNA expression profiles. Microarray and PCR-based technologies, although employed extensively, cannot provide adequate sequence coverage or quantitative accuracy to test this hypothesis directly. The goal of this study was to develop and exploit next-generation sequencing approaches for comprehensive and quantitative analyses of myocardial miRNAs and mRNAs to test the hypothesis that augmented phosphoinositide-3-kinase-p110α (PI3Kα) signaling in the setting of pathological hypertrophy provides beneficial effects through remodeling of the myocardial transcriptome signature. In these studies, a molecular and bioinformatic pipeline permitting comprehensive analysis and quantification of myocardial miRNA and mRNA expression with next-generation sequencing was developed and the impact of enhanced PI3Kα signaling on the myocardial transcriptome signature of pressure overload-induced pathological hypertrophy was explored. These analyses identified multiple miRNAs and mRNAs that were abnormally expressed in pathological hypertrophy and partially or completely normalized with increased PI3Kα signaling. Additionally, several novel miRNAs potentially linked to remodeling in cardiac hypertrophy were identified. Additional experiments revealed that increased PI3Kα signaling reduces cardiac fibrosis in pathological hypertrophy through modulating TGF-β signaling and miR-21 expression. In conclusion, using the approach of combined miRNA and mRNA sequencing, we identify the protective transcriptome signature of enhanced PI3Kα signaling in the context of pathological hypertrophy, and demonstrate the regulation of TGF-β/miR-21 by which enhanced PI3Kα signaling protects against cardiac fibrosis.
- Cardiac hypertrophy